HYDROCARBON PUBLISHING COMPANY
Translating Knowledge into Profitability®
A member of the Hydrocarbon Analytics Group
Publication date:2Q 2017
Hydrocracking (HC) is utilized in refineries to upgrade a variety of feeds that range from coker naphtha to various heavy gas oils and residual fractions as well as into lighter molecules. The hydrocracking process has emerged as the primary producer of middle distillates, i.e. diesel (or called gasoil), jet fuel, and heating oil, in many refinery configurations. As environmental regulations on transportation fuels continue to tighten, the hydrocracker will be one of the tools available to refiners to meet new product specifications. Unlike FCCU processes, hydrocrackers can effectively yield ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) streams whereas middle-distillate range FCC products (i.e. light cycle oil, LCO) will regularly require additional treating to meet product blending specifications. HCUs can also offer improved flexibility to shift production modes between gasoline and diesel products based on process selection, operating conditions, and catalysts used.
Nowadays, the hydrocracking technology must step up its flexibility in light of shifting demand shift such as International Maritime Organization (IMO) low sulfur bunker fuel mandate by 2020, diesel emission scandals, emerging threat from electric cars, and so on. This issue covers a broad range of the latest hydrocracking topics.
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Keywords: hydrogen, hydrocracking, middle distillates, diesel, ULSD, heavy oil, tight oil, ebullated-bed, slurry-bed, fixed-bed, single-stage, two-stage, two-stage with recycle, jet fuel, kerosene, gasoil, gas oil, coker gas oil, coker naphtha, DAO, VGO, HVGO, LCO, mild hydrocracking, resid hydrocracking, renewable hydrocracking, renewable jet fuel, renewable diesel, biodiesel, dewaxing, cold flow properties, cloud point, pour point, cetane, platinum, palladium, NiMo, CoMo, NiW, heavy polynuclear aromatics, HPNAs, Fischer-Tropsch, F-T